Complex and Rapid Cycling in Bipolar Children and Adolescents: A Preliminary Study

TABLE 2: PATHOLOGICAL HALLUCINATIONS AND DELUSIONS
 
£ 12 years old
 
³ 13 years old
 
Total
 
N=9
 
N=17
 
N=26
% (N) Hallucinations                
Any hallucination
22.2
(2)
 
23.5
(4)
 
23.1
(6)
Command
22.2
(2)
 
5.9
(1)
 
11.5
(3)
Religious
11.1
(1)
 
5.9
(1)
 
7.7
(2)
Commenting
0
(0)
 
5.9
(1)
 
3.8
(1)
Conversing
11.1
(1)
 
0
(0)
 
3.8
(1)
Persecutory
0
(0)
 
5.9
(1)
 
3.8
(1)
Thoughts Aloud
11.1
(1)
 
0
(0)
 
3.8
(1)
                 
% (N) Delusions                
Any Delusion
44.4
(4)
 
29.4
(5)
 
34.6
(9)
Grandiose
33.3
(3)
 
17.6
(3)
 
23.1
(6)
Persecutory
22.2
(2)
 
17.6
(3)
 
19.2
(5)
Reference
22.2
(2)
 
11.8
(2)
 
15.4
(4)
Somatic
0
(0)
 
17.6
(3)
 
11.5
(3)
Nihilistic
0
(0)
 
11.8
(2)
 
7.7
(2)
Being Controlled
0
(0)
 
5.9
(1)
 
3.8
(1)
Reading Mind
0
(0)
 
5.9
(1)
 
3.8
(1)
Thought Broadcast
0
(0)
 
5.9
(1)
 
3.8
(1)
Thought Insertion
0
(0)
 
5.9
(1)
 
3.8
(1)
Guilt
11.1
(1)
 
0
(0)
 
3.8
(1)
Thought Withdrawal
0
(0)
 
0
(0)
 
0
(0)